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time period of jugs and avatar
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kmaherali



Joined: 27 Mar 2003
Posts: 23205

PostPosted: Tue Dec 31, 2019 10:22 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

More evidence of advanced knowledge of pre-historic times. They were not primitive as generally believed.

Mysterious monuments from ancient civilizations



To this day, some monuments left behind by ancient civilizations remain a mystery to researchers and archaeologists. If you seek out history and adventure when you travel, here are 22 enigmatic sites that will excite your inner Indiana Jones.

Slide show at:

https://www.addtobucketlist.com/22-mysterious-monuments-from-ancient-civilizations/


Last edited by kmaherali on Tue Mar 02, 2021 11:41 pm, edited 2 times in total
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kmaherali



Joined: 27 Mar 2003
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PostPosted: Sat Jan 04, 2020 5:55 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

eBook

Yugas, The - Keys to Understanding our Hidden Past, Emerging Energy Age and Enlightened Future (by Joseph Selbie & David Steinmetz)



Free download at:

https://www.scribd.com/document/399974248/Yugas-The-Keys-to-Understanding-our-Hidden-Past-Emerging-Energy-Age-and-Enlightened-Future-by-Joseph-Selbie-David-Steinmetz

In my opinion it is the best book on implications of the knowledge of Yugas based on scientific evidence. I highly recommend it.
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kmaherali



Joined: 27 Mar 2003
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PostPosted: Thu Jan 09, 2020 6:25 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

More evidence of the advanced ages of the past...

The world’s amazing lost cities recently rediscovered



Lost cities found
Founded, flourished and eventually forgotten – this has been the fate of many cities since ancient times. A few names have stayed alive in legend and literature while others disappeared completely – until a chance discovery brought these mysterious metropolises back from the dead. From Sigiriya, the amazing hill-top site in Sri Lanka, to the astonishing Pompeii in Italy, we look at some of the most fabulous cities lost and reborn.

Slide show at:

https://www.loveexploring.com/galleries/90974/the-worlds-amazing-lost-cities-recently-rediscovered?page=1


Last edited by kmaherali on Tue Mar 02, 2021 11:48 pm, edited 1 time in total
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kmaherali



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PostPosted: Sat Jan 11, 2020 6:34 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Related book: Ten discoveries that rewrote history


1. Ten Discoveries That Rewrote History Patrick Hunt
2. Publisher : Plume Release Date : 2007-09-25
3. The world’s greatest archaeological finds and what they tell us about lost civilizations Renowned archaeologist Patrick Hunt brings his top ten list of ancient archaeological discoveries to life in this concise and captivating book. The Rosetta Stone, Troy, Nineveh's Assyrian Library, King Tut’s Tomb, Machu Picchu, Pompeii, the Dead Sea Scrolls, Thera, Olduvai Gorge, and the Tomb of 10,000 Warriors—Hunt reveals the fascinating stories of these amazing discoveries and explains the ways in which they added to our knowledge of human history and permanently altered our worldview. Part travel guide to the wonders of the world and part primer on ancient world history, Ten Discoveries That Rewrote History captures the awe and excitement of finding a lost window into ancient civilization. Download Full PDF Here http://bit.ly/bedjopdf

Slide show and download at:

https://www.slideshare.net/Jennifer_perez/ten-discoveries-that-rewrote-history-pdf

http://ebooks24.club/download/books.php?Ten+discoveries+that+rewrote+history+pdf


Last edited by kmaherali on Tue Mar 02, 2021 11:53 pm, edited 1 time in total
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kmaherali



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PostPosted: Sat Jan 18, 2020 7:29 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

The article below provides more evidence of sophisticated knowledge of ancient prehistoric times..

'Extremely rare’ Assyrian carvings discovered in Iraq


In the eighth century B.C., Assyrian King Sargon II ruled over a wealthy and powerful empire that included much of today’s Middle East and inspired fear among its neighbors. Now a team of Italian and Iraqi Kurdish archaeologists working in northern Iraq have uncovered ten stone reliefs that adorned a sophisticated canal system dug into bedrock. The surprising find of such beautifully crafted carvings—typically found only in royal palaces—sheds light on the impressive public works supported by a leader better known for his military prowess.

“Assyrian rock reliefs are extremely rare monuments,” said Daniele Morandi Bonacossi, an archaeologist at Italy’s University of Udine, who co-led the recent expedition. With one exception, no such panels have been found in their original location since 1845. “And it is highly probable that more reliefs, and perhaps also monumental celebratory cuneiform inscriptions, are still buried under the soil debris that filled the canal.”

More...

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/article/rare-assyrian-carvings-discovered-iraq


Last edited by kmaherali on Wed Mar 03, 2021 12:00 am, edited 1 time in total
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kmaherali



Joined: 27 Mar 2003
Posts: 23205

PostPosted: Sun Jan 19, 2020 7:38 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

13 Mysteries That Could Be Solved in the Next Decade



These mysteries are breaking the rules

As a general rule, the longer a mystery goes unsolved, the less likely it'll ever be cracked. However, all of these mysteries hold the promise of resolution in the near future date back years, if not centuries—some even date back to the beginning of time. Don't miss the strangest unsolved mystery from every state.

Slide show:

https://www.readersdigest.com.au/true-stories-lifestyle/thought-provoking/13-mysteries-that-could-be-solved-in-the-next-decade


Last edited by kmaherali on Wed Mar 03, 2021 12:04 am, edited 1 time in total
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kmaherali



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Posts: 23205

PostPosted: Mon May 11, 2020 5:21 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

The article below highlights the existence of city based civilizations at least during the bronze age if not earlier.

What Happened to the Original 1 Percent?

Modern cities can learn from the fate of the collapsed civilizations at Ugarit and Mycenae.


About 3,190 years ago, a merchant in Emar, a trading outpost in what is now northern Syria, sent a desperate letter to his boss, Urtenu, who lived in the rich metropolis of Ugarit, a city-state on the coast of Syria. “There is famine,” he wrote. “If you do not quickly arrive here, we ourselves will die of hunger.”

A long drought had left the hinterlands around Ugarit in a state of famine, wars were brewing, and there were likely plagues as well. Urtenu may not have realized it, but he was living through the last years of two wealthy cities, Ugarit and Mycenae, that dominated the eastern Mediterranean Sea during what historians call the Bronze Age, from roughly 3000 to 1200 B.C.E.

More than a thousand years before the Greeks invented democracy and the Romans undermined it with imperialism, these city-states of the Bronze Age laid the foundations for what is often called Western civilization. Homer recorded the myths of the Bronze Age in “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey,” and carved stone inscriptions of the pharaohs Hatshepsut and Thutmose III record the machinations of the Bronze Age elites. Although the rulers of the Bronze Age sometimes went to war, the true source of their power, like that of today’s biggest cities, was economic power secured through trade. The final decades of Ugarit and Mycenae tell us a lot about why cities fail — and who survives amid the ashes.

More..

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/11/opinion/inequality-history.html?campaign_id=39&emc=edit_ty_20200511&instance_id=18387&nl=opinion-today&regi_id=45305309&segment_id=27249&te=1&user_id=b5e5426f5c89f06ac9cd19778d3e6de3&login=email&auth=login-email
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kmaherali



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Posts: 23205

PostPosted: Mon May 18, 2020 6:58 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

These major cities were built on ancient ruins

These major cities were built on ancient ruins

Around the world, past civilizations lie just below the surface, with remains buried or partly visible today. Here are 20 major cities that were built on ancient ruins.

Slide show:

https://www.msn.com/en-ca/lifestyle/travel/tripideas/these-major-cities-were-built-on-ancient-ruins/ss-BB13Hv9g?li=AAggFp5&ocid=mailsignout#image=1

Video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=08hm8eyvYto


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swamidada



Joined: 19 Aug 2019
Posts: 297

PostPosted: Mon May 18, 2020 4:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

kmaherali wrote:
These major cities were built on ancient ruins

These major cities were built on ancient ruins

Around the world, past civilizations lie just below the surface, with remains buried or partly visible today. Here are 20 major cities that were built on ancient ruins.

Slide show:

https://www.msn.com/en-ca/lifestyle/travel/tripideas/these-major-cities-were-built-on-ancient-ruins/ss-BB13Hv9g?li=AAggFp5&ocid=mailsignout#image=1


Let me add two more...

Ruins dating from the Early Harappan period around 2900 BCE have also been discovered in the Taxila area, though the area was eventually abandoned after the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization. The first major settlement at Taxila was established around 1000 BCE.


It was one of the largest cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, which developed around 3,000 BCE from the prehistoric Indus culture. ... Mohenjo-daro was the most advanced city of its time, with remarkably sophisticated civil engineering and urban planning.
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kmaherali



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PostPosted: Tue Jun 23, 2020 7:17 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

More evidence unfolding about the advanced nature of prehistoric people...

Neolithic Site Near Stonehenge Yields an ‘Astonishing Discovery’

The finding of a circle of trenches at a nearby ancient village also makes the site the largest prehistoric structure in Britain and possibly in Europe, one archaeologist said.


Watch video at:

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/22/world/europe/stonehenge-trenches-durrington-walls.html?campaign_id=2&emc=edit_th_20200623&instance_id=19626&nl=todaysheadlines&regi_id=45305309&segment_id=31598&user_id=b5e5426f5c89f06ac9cd19778d3e6de3

LONDON — A new archaeological discovery at the site of an ancient village near Stonehenge promises to offer significant clues about life more than 4,500 years ago in the Neolithic period, and could even “write a whole new chapter in the story” of the celebrated structure’s landscape, experts say.

The find also makes the site the largest prehistoric structure in Britain and possibly in Europe, according to Vincent Gaffney, of the University of Bradford, an archaeologist involved in the analysis.

“It has completely transformed how we understand this landscape — there is no doubt about it,” he said.

Stonehenge, a UNESCO World Heritage site in the English countryside, has long drawn visitors to admire its looming stone slabs, even as its origins and purpose are still being explored.

The study, published online on Sunday, outlines the discovery of a large circle of shafts surrounding the ancient village — known as the Durrington Walls henge monument — about two miles from Stonehenge. The trenches, each of which is around 30 feet wide and 15 feet deep, are thought to have been part of a ritual boundary area between the two sites.

Uncovered through remote sensing technology and ground sampling, the discovery could amount to one of the most significant finds ever made at the site, archaeologists and experts said.

More and video:

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/22/world/europe/stonehenge-trenches-durrington-walls.html?campaign_id=2&emc=edit_th_20200623&instance_id=19626&nl=todaysheadlines&regi_id=45305309&segment_id=31598&user_id=b5e5426f5c89f06ac9cd19778d3e6de3
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kmaherali



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Posts: 23205

PostPosted: Sat Oct 17, 2020 6:12 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

The oldest cities in the world

Many of the earliest cities in the world are still inhabited, serving as living records of humanity’s first forays into civilization. Archaeologists dispute exact timelines and what counts as a city proper, but there is no doubt the first urban centres enshrine the development of agriculture, trade, and the many great empires that rose and fell over the millennia. Here is a sampling of some of the oldest cities in the world still living today.

Slide show at:

https://www.msn.com/en-ca/lifestyle/travel/the-oldest-cities-in-the-world/ss-BB1a6BAH?li=AAggFp5&ocid=mailsignout#image=1
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kmaherali



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Posts: 23205

PostPosted: Sat Feb 13, 2021 9:05 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

7 bizarre ancient cultures that history forgot

Long-Lost Cultures

The ancient Egyptians had their pyramids, the Greeks, their sculptures and temples. And everybody knows about the Maya and their famous calendar.

But other ancient peoples get short shrift in world history. Here are a handful of long-lost cultures that don't get the name recognition they deserve.

The Silla

The Silla Kingdom was one of the longest-standing royal dynasties ever. It ruled most of the Korean Peninsula between 57 B.C. and A.D. 935, but left few burials behind for archaeologists to study.

One recent Silla discovery gave researchers a little insight, however. The intact bones of a woman who lived to be in her late 30s was found in 2013 near the historic capital of the Silla (Gyeongju). An analysis of the woman's bones revealed that she was likely a vegetarian who ate a diet heavy in rice, potatoes or wheat. She also had an elongated skull.

Silla was founded by the monarch Bak Hyeokgeose. Legend held that he was hatched from a mysterious egg in the forest and married a queen born from the ribs of a dragon. Over time, the Silla culture developed into a centralized, hierarchical society with a wealthy aristocratic class. Though human remains from the Silla people are rare, archaeologists have unearthed a variety of luxurious goods made by this culture, from a gold-and-garnet dagger to a cast-iron Buddha to jade jewelry, among other examples held at the Gyeongju National Museum in South Korea. [See Images of the Long-Headed Woman's Facial Reconstruction]

The Indus

The Indus is the largest-known ancient urban culture, with the people's land stretching from the Indus River in modern-day Pakistan to the Arabian Sea and the Ganges in India. The Indus civilization persisted for thousands of years, emerging around 3300 B.C. and declining by about 1600 B.C.

The Indus, also known as the Harappans, developed sewage and drainage systems for their cities, built impressive walls and granaries, and produced artifacts like pottery and glazed beads. They even had dental care: Scientists found 11 drilled molars from adults who lived between 7,500 to 9,000 years ago in the Indus Valley, according to a study published in 2006 in the journal Nature. A 2012 study suggested that climatic change weakened monsoonal rains and dried up much of the Harappan territory, forcing the civilization to gradually disband and migrate to wetter climes.

The Sanxingdui

The Sanxingdui were a Bronze Age culture that thrived in what is now China's Sichuan Province. A farmer first discovered artifacts from the Sanxingdui in 1929; excavations in the area in 1986 revealed complex jade carvings and bronze sculptures 8 feet (2.4 meters) tall.

But who were the Sanxingdui? Despite the evidence of the culture's artistic abilities, no one really knows. They were prolific makers of painted bronze-and-gold-foil masks that some archaeologists believe may have represented gods or ancestors, according to the Sanxingdui Museum in China. The Sanxingdui site shows evidence of abandonment about 2,800 or 3,000 years ago, and another ancient city, Jinsha, discovered nearby, shows evidence that maybe the Sanxingdui moved there. In 2014, researchers at the annual meeting of the American Geophysical Union argued that at around this time, a major earthquake and landslide redirected the Minjiang River, which would have cut Sanxingdui off from water and forced a relocation.

The Nok

The mysterious and little-known Nok culture lasted from around 1000 B.C. to A.D. 300 in what is today northern Nigeria. Evidence of the Nok was discovered by chance during a tin-mining operation in 1943, according to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Miners uncovered a terra-cotta head, hinting at a rich sculptural tradition. Since then, other elaborate terra-cotta sculptures have emerged, including depictions of people wearing elaborate jewelry and carrying batons and flails — symbols of authority also seen in ancient Egyptian art, according to the Minneapolis Institute of Art. Other sculptures show people with diseases such as elephantiasis, the Met said.

Contributing to the mystery surrounding the Nok, the artifacts have often been removed from their context without archaeological analysis. In 2012, the United States returned a cache of Nok figurines to Nigeria after they were stolen from Nigeria's national museum and smuggled into the U.S.

The Etruscans

The Etruscans had a thriving society in northern Italy from about 700 B.C. to about 500 B.C., when they began to be absorbed by the Roman Republic. They developed a unique written language and left behind luxurious family tombs, including one belonging to a prince that was first excavated in 2013.

Etruscan society was a theocracy, and their artifacts suggest that religious ritual was a part of daily life. The oldest depiction of childbirth in Western art — a goddess squatting to give birth — was found at the Etruscan sanctuary of Poggio Colla. At the same site, archaeologists found a 4-foot by 2-foot (1.2 by 0.6 meters) sandstone slab containing rare engravings in the Etruscanlanguage. Few examples of written Etruscan survive. Another Etruscan site, Poggio Civitate, was a square complex surrounding a courtyard. It was the largest building in the Mediterranean at its time, said archaeologists who have excavated more than 25,000 artifacts from the site.

The Land of Punt

Some cultures are known mostly through the records of other cultures. That's the case with the mysterious land of Punt, a kingdom somewhere in Africa that traded with the ancient Egyptians. The two kingdoms were exchanging goods from at least the 26th century B.C., during the reign of the pharaoh Khufu (the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza).

Strangely, no one really knows where Punt was located. The Egyptians left plenty of descriptions of the goods they got from Punt (gold, ebony, myrrh) and the seafaring expeditions they sent to the lost kingdom. However, the Egyptians are frustratingly mum on where all these voyages were headed. Scholars have suggested that Punt may have been in Arabia, or on the Horn of Africa, or maybe down the Nile River at the border of modern-day South Sudan and Ethiopia.

The Bell-Beaker Culture

People of the Bell-Beaker culture created pottery vessels shaped like inverted bells.

You know a culture is obscure when archaeologists name it based on its artifacts alone. The Bell-Beaker culture made pottery vessels shaped like upside-down bells. The makers of these distinctive drinking cups lived across Europe between about 2800 B.C. and 1800 B.C. They also left behind copper artifacts and graves, including a cemetery of 154 graves located in the modern-day Czech Republic.

The Bell-Beakers were also responsible for some of the construction at Stonehenge, researchers have found: These people likely arranged the site's small bluestones, which originated in Wales.

https://www.livescience.com/55430-bizarre-ancient-cultures.html
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kmaherali



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PostPosted: Sun Mar 14, 2021 12:59 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

The article below indicates the advanced state of organization and governance of prehistoric societies.

She Was Buried With a Silver Crown. Was She the One Who Held Power?

A tomb unearthed in Spain has prompted archaeologists to reconsider assumptions about women’s power in Bronze Age European societies.


Excerpt:

Like their contemporaries — such as the Minoans of Crete, the Wessex of Britain and the Unetice of Central Europe — the Argarics had the hallmarks of a state society, with a ruling bureaucracy, geopolitical boundaries, complex settlement systems and urban centers with monumental structures. They had divisions of labor and class distinctions that persisted after death, based on the wide disparity of grave goods discovered at archaeological sites.


La Almoloya in 2015.Credit...Arqueoecologia Social Mediterrània Research Group, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

More...

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/11/science/bronze-age-tomb-women.html?campaign_id=2&emc=edit_th_20210314&instance_id=28048&nl=todaysheadlines&regi_id=45305309&segment_id=53393&user_id=b5e5426f5c89f06ac9cd19778d3e6de3
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KayBur



Joined: 26 May 2021
Posts: 11

PostPosted: Fri May 28, 2021 12:28 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

kmaherali wrote:
The article below indicates the advanced state of organization and governance of prehistoric societies.

She Was Buried With a Silver Crown. Was She the One Who Held Power?

A tomb unearthed in Spain has prompted archaeologists to reconsider assumptions about women’s power in Bronze Age European societies.


Excerpt:

Like their contemporaries — such as the Minoans of Crete, the Wessex of Britain and the Unetice of Central Europe — the Argarics had the hallmarks of a state society, with a ruling bureaucracy, geopolitical boundaries, complex settlement systems and urban centers with monumental structures. They had divisions of labor and class distinctions that persisted after death, based on the wide disparity of grave goods discovered at archaeological sites.


La Almoloya in 2015.Credit...Arqueoecologia Social Mediterrània Research Group, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

More...

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/11/science/bronze-age-tomb-women.html?campaign_id=2&emc=edit_th_20210314&instance_id=28048&nl=todaysheadlines&regi_id=45305309&segment_id=53393&user_id=b5e5426f5c89f06ac9cd19778d3e6de3


An interesting find. The main thing is to exclude the possibility of juggling facts and distorting the interpretation of the finds. Unfortunately, history and everything connected with it is a very unreliable thing, its presentation depends on who fell into the hands of the facts.
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kmaherali



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PostPosted: Fri May 28, 2021 2:08 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

KayBur wrote:

An interesting find. The main thing is to exclude the possibility of juggling facts and distorting the interpretation of the finds. Unfortunately, history and everything connected with it is a very unreliable thing, its presentation depends on who fell into the hands of the facts.
History is always subject to interpretation. However you cannot deny physical evidence as found and presented.
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