This is an article about the expansion of Ismailism in Multan and Sind since Dai Hatim was sent to these areas in 883AD (Fatimid took power in Maghreb in 909 AD). The expansion continued later under Dai Jalam b. Shayban( http://ismaili.net/heritage/node/2187) who seize Multan for the Fatimid Imams in 985 AD.
The large collection of the Turkish and Arabic manuscripts at the St Catherine Monastery in Sinai contains several Decrees issued by various Fatimid Caliphs and in particular Mustealian Fatimid Caliphs. In some of those we find confirmation of the covenant of Prophet Muhammad with the Christians for their protection. Stern publishes here one of the Decree of the Regent Abd al Majid in this article.
A PDF download is available from the link below.
L'article par Yves Marquet est en Francais. Vous pouvez le lire en cliquant ci-dessous sur le lien en format PDF. (1ere partie de l'article: page 1 - 45)
This is an article in French by Yves Marquet.. The article is about Ya'Qubi (d.897AD), a geographer, historian and author of Shia/Ismaili persuasion who was writing at the second half of the ninth Century, that is before the advent of the Fatimids.
Feki, Habib: Les idées philosophiques et religieuses de l'Ismaélisme fatimide - Thèse de Doctorat a Paris
Une Thèse de Doctorat présentée en 1972 a Paris, d’une valeur exceptionnelle, basée sur des manuscrits ismaéliens inédits avec l’aide de sommités tels que le Professeur Henry Corbin et Georges Vajda.
Follow-up to Paris Conference 1975. The 1980 Nairobi Ismailia Association International Review Meeting.
This is the paper presented at the Ismailia Association International Review Meeting in Nairobi, Kenya on 1980 by the Ismailia Association for Canada.
End of the Book of ANasir-i Khusraw, Forty Poems From The Divan@
Abu Ya qub Sejestani, Kasf al-Mahjub - Le Devoilement des Choses Cachees, ed., by H. Corbin Tehran-Paris, 1949.
Corbin, H., Au pays de l Imam Cache , Eranos-Jahrbuch, vol. 32, 1963, pp. 31-87.
Corbin, H., De la philosophie prophetique en Islam Shi ite , Eranos Jahrbuch, vol, 31, 1992, pp. 49-116.
Corbin, H., De la situation philosophique du Shi isme , Islamic Studies, Vol. 2, 1963, pp. 75-94; and Le Monde non-chretien, Vol. 70, 1964, pp. 61-86.
In Praise of Ali (1) ; MM.LXXXV
Line 16: Nasibi; an enemy of Ali; NK uses him for the type of an anti-Shi ite.
Line 29: Hunayn; one of the famous battles of the Prophet of Islam against the unbelievers.
Line 45: the unbelievers of Mecca; i.e., those Arabs who did not accept the Prophet and forced him to emigrate to Medina.
Line 48: the best woman in the world; Fatimah.
Line56: Badr, Uhud and Khaybar; three battles waged by the Prophet against the ubelievers.
In Praise of Ali (2) ; MM.LXXXII
Autobiography ; MM.LXXIX
A Warning to Missionaries ; MM.LXVIII
Dissimulation ; MM XXXIII
title: Dissimulation (taqiyyah); Shi ites are allowed, in case of danger, to disguise their adherence to the minority faith in order to escape persecution. Ismailis made particular use od this.
Line 55: Ramadan; the month during which fasting from dawn to sun-down is obligatory for all Muslims.
Line 67: Shari ite; i.e. followers of the Shari ah, the Sacred Law.
In Yamgan ; MM.IX
a Wasted Pilgrimage , MM.CXLI
Line 5: Arafat; a plain near Mecca where pilgrims must spend one day of the Hajj in prayer and invocation.
Line 7: the Hajj; the Pilgrimage to Mecca, incumbent on all Muslims at least once in their lifes for those who can afford it.
Line 15: Haji; one who has completed the Pilgrimage, a title of great respect.
Line 19: pilgrim s robe; on the Pilgrimage, everyone wears two simple pieces of white cloth, similar to the shroud.
Words of Wisdom ; MM.XLIX
A Parable of Jesus ; MM.CCL
On the Qur an ; MM.V
Line 108: drylipped before the Euphrates; a reference to the fate of the Third Imam, Husayn, who was killed along with may of his followers in Karbala - now a city in Iraq - by the army of the Umayad Caliph Yazid after having suffered extreme thirst, kept by his enemies from obtaining water from the nearby river Euphrates. The foes of the Household are punished by being refused the esoteric knowledge of the Imams.
Line 117: Sultan of khan; worldly rulers.
Ode to Night ; MM.CCXXX
The First Poem ; MM.I
Line 74: Harut; and Marut, two evil demons who taught sorcery to the Babylonians.
Line 122: the elements, Earth, Air, Fire and Water can be considered as [airs of opposites, yet all exists together in harmony on the material plane.
Speech ; MM.II
Line 18: Darius; the name of several Persian kings, especially Darius the Great, the Achaemenian (d. 486 B.C.)
Line 45: Sanaa (San a ); the capital of Yemen, used as a figure of a far-away place.
The Diwan ; MM. CLXXVII
Line 5: Diwan (The Diwan); a collection of poetry. Elsewhere NK refers to his two divans ; they have been combined into one.
Line 62: Solomon is famous for his magical control over the jinn, psychic being or fire elements, some of who are good, or at least neutral, while others are demonic.
Line 66: Luqman; a wise man, said to have been a son of Job s sister or aunt, a disciple of David, or a judge of Israel, or a freed Ethiopian slave.
Line 68: The Threshold of the Compassionate; i.e., the Divine Presence
Nasir-i Khusraw did not give his poems titles, but we have decided to title them in order to clarifyy their main themes and make it easier to refer to them individually. In the notes, the title will be followed by MM and a number; this refers to the number of the poem in the edition of the Diwan edited by M. Mnovi and M. Mohaghegh, Tehran, 1353 A.H.S.
There are 6 notes, each one for a one poem section
and the Faith of Muhammad
where the choices
of Muhammad himself;
if I practise the two
as the Certitude
of the Prophet.
to Paradise - my guide
the fortified Citadel:
what are they but
the Religion of Muhammad:
he is the Messenger
of God - such
was the carving
on the seal-ring
of the Prophet.
Rooted in my heart:
and the Book
as in the heart
By God s Grace
my hope, my prayer
my back - by the grace of God and in devotion of Him -
is strong enough perhaps that I might attain
tot he Messenger and his intercession; I ask for no other
to plead for me with God but His Prophet, and to plead
for me with the Prophet none but his blessed Family,
with whom I shall go to him; no fear of taint
or contagion from hypocrites. The Religion of Allah
is the Prophet s kingdom and today all creatures
are his subjects, his Community. Your slave
does not owe you even half the obedience
that the Prophet s Community owes him.
The heartspring of Ali s lover reflects and is full
with the image of him - so is my heart his spring
and his knowledge my shield. O lovers, pluck his blossoms
but save the thorns for his enemies.
No one of the Community is worthy of greatness
but his lover, for the Shiite rests immune
from the wiles of Satan in his citadel.
He is the Prophet s kinsman, but no one
belongs to Ali s tribe but the lover of Truth.
A thousand years of praise will not exhaust
a thousandth of his qualities; I take pride
in his Four Virtues, his manliness, knowledge
The philosophy section contains 3 poems.
Fifty years in Yamgan . . . why am I in jail?
Two sets of chains: Reason for my spirit,
and devil s shackles for my body. No wonder
the demons don t obey me: am I Solomon?
In fact I am more like Salman.
My words shine like the sun, even if
you haven t seen me in the flesh
for . . . how many years? Your heart:
a moon to the wisdom of my
pearl-scattering sun. Yamgan:
the gold-mine of knowledge and sagacity
(aren t I buried in Yamgan?)
I ve changed a lot since we met -
at least that part of that s
bound to the material realm. But
Pass by, food of his heart, sweet breeze of Khorasan
Here to a dim prison in the vale of Yamgan
Where he sits narrowed by poverty, comfortless, cold,
His fortune gone, possessions lost, landless and old.
Unjust Fate has stripped from his soul in its tyranny
All repose, and from his body all luxury;
He knows more sorrows than a pomergranate has seeds,
His limbs possess less power than the winter reeds;
That elegant frame, that once too-handsome face
Have decayed now to ugliness, distraction and disgrace -
That face, once luminous as Spring anemones,